Today, the vast majority of the world's population uses the Internet. According to the Global Social Media Research Summary - 2018, the number of Internet users last year made 4.021 billion (53% of the population of the world). That is 7% more than in 2017.
The number of social network users is 3.196 billion (42% of the population of the world), which is 13% higher than in 2017. Given that the population of the world exceeds $ 7.5 billion, these figures mean that the number of Internet users and social network users increase every year.
The Internet remains a major source of information for the information world network and social media consumers. E-media also disseminates information through their respective profile and channels. This is because all of its time is spent on social networking on the Internet.
Of course, through the internet and social networks, new friends are made, interaction is strengthened, purchases are made without leaving home or office, the price of the product, well, and there is an opportunity to be aware of all the news in seconds.
But there are other aspects of the matter, it should not be forgotten. For example, research shows that millions of fake news are distributed every day on the internet, in particular on public networks. Their consequences are also different. Although some do not attach any importance, some cause a person to worry with confidence. Therefore, the countries of the world are putting forward their views on the fight against the false news spread on the internet, eliminating their negative consequences.
In particular, in France, it was announced the adoption of a law that provides for the use of measures of influence on the mass media, which disseminates fake news. This initiative, aimed at preventing the spread of information for the manage of public opinion, has faced many prejudices of the opposition.
Nevertheless, the lower chamber of the French parliament – National Assembly approved the draft Law on the fight against fake new. If this document comes into force, the French courts will have the authority to block the media according to the complaint received on their reliability and within 48 hours will determine whether the information is correct or incorrect. In addition, the Media Authority will have the right to block television channels, which are financed by foreign countries, in the event that there are attempts by them to destabilize the situation in the country.
The lower chamber of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation – State Duma is also working on amendments to the federal laws on Information, Information Technology and Information Protection and on mass media in order to faight against fake news since January of this year. Certain results in this regard have also been achieved. On March 13, 2019, the upper chamber Parliament of RF – Federation Council approved a draft law on the blocking and punishing of resources, which distributed fake messages. From March 29, the law on responsibility for the dissemination of fake news came into force. The law establishes a fine from 30 thousand rubles to 100 thousand rubles for persons found guilty of spreading fake news. For repeated violations, a fine from 100 thousand rubles to 300 thousand rubles or administrative imprisonment for up to 15 days is imposed. If the notice harms the interests of the person, society and the state, then the fine will amount from 300 thousand rubles to 600 thousand rubles.
The law also establishes responsibility for legal entities, for which the fine is established in the amount from 200 thousand rubles to 1, 5 million rubles.
So, what kind of work is being done fake news on the internet in Uzbekistan in this regard? Has the responsibility for the dissemination of fake news determined by a particular law?
Unfortunately, in our legislation there is no separate legislation against fake news spread on the Internet. But there are a number of legislative acts that regulate the sphere of information, informatization and advertising, the activities of the media. Therefore, based on the experience of foreign countries studied, it is possible to eliminate the existing legal loopholes by introducing amendments and additions to the existing legislation.
For example, in order to arouse the mood of panic, fear and protest against the state among the population, the distribution of false information about the casualties (natural or other types), the distribution of false and unconfirmed information about the tragedies that actually occurred in order to arouse panic among the population, the disclosure of false information about the perpetrators of the incident, In addition, the role of state and non-governmental organizations in the fight against false news, in general, the entire layer of the population is great.
Recently, foreign publications published unfounded information about the illegal demolition of more than 30 thousand houses in Tashkent, which was observed by more than a million users. The response to this denial was announced two days after the announcement.
The more quickly this situation spreads fake news, the more quickly the information about the real situation should be published. Otherwise, fake news will begin to settle into the minds of many people. As a result, it becomes difficult for real information to be accepted and disseminated, since before that people make appropriate conclusions based on fake news.
In this regard, it is worthwhile to introduce into the Law on guarantees of obtaining information and land, adopted in 1997, the norm on the need to quickly announce the preliminary conclusions and assumptions made on the phenomenon of natural disasters, unfortunate events that have occurred, without the advent of a survey by the competent authority.
Taking into account the above, it is necessary not to develop a separate legislative document on the fight against false information, but to introduce amendments and additions to existing ones. In particular, in the Law on mass media it is necessary to grant the mass media, in which a number of persons disseminate false information, the right to reject this information on their own initiative in cases determined by the media itself, as well as to enter into the administrative responsibility code the issue of liability for knowingly disseminating false information in
Of course, all this serves to prevent the spread of fake news, and most importantly, to guarantee the reliability of the information.
Toshkanov Nurbek Bahriddinovich,
Consultant of the Research Institute Legal Policy